OSPF LSAs and Area Types


OSPF LSAs and Area Types

I know this is a fairly large set up but believe me it teach you practically everything you need to know about LSAs and different ospf area types. I have to admit this is not something I’ve created myself. I stumbled upon this video on youtube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7LzrvCvb-Ro&list=PLC6197249373E47E9 made by one of the best network instructors out there Keith Barker and then thought it would be great to lab it up and configure everything with Keith.

I also thought of adding another ospf area number 3 and connect it to area 1 where then we would have discontiguous areas ! and for a fix we would have to use either GRE Tunnel or Virtual Link but as you can see I did not do it just to avoid having too many devices to work with and Virtual link and GRE Tunnel I will explain in another post.

Please go ahead and download following net file and build your topology

OSPF LSAs and Area Types

Please download following basic config , copy and paste them into relevant devices

basic_config_files

As a side note: if you’ve already visited my other post https://ccie4all.wordpress.com/2012/11/03/ccie_gns3_topology_/ and managed to built you topology presented in CCIE GNS TOPOLOGY post  then YOU DO NOT have to use the files provided in this post and build the topology from scratch cause you will easily be able to recreate above set up once you’ve got CCIE GNS TOPOLOGY running on your machine. You will have to use few subinterfaces on your routers , add few vlans on switches but believe me it saves hell lot of time and most importantly it teaches you many important configuration and troubleshooting skills what you will have to face in yur R&S lab exam and the real world also that way you only have one gns3 network on your PC that DOES IT ALL for you

Check out this cisco tutorial about OSPF area types (although it does not explain the Not So Totally Stubby area)

http://www.cisco.com/E-Learning/bulk/public/ccnp/QLM_Configuring_OSPF_Special_Area_Types_BSCI/player.html

Thought it’d be good to add LSA types and various stub configuration.

Type 1 – Represents a router
Type 2 – Represents the pseudonode (designated router) for a multiaccess link
Type 3 – A network link summary (internal route)
Type 4 – Represents an ASBR
Type 5 – A route external to the OSPF domain
Type 7 – Used in stub areas in place of a type 5 LSA

Stub Areas

A stub area allows Type 2 and Type 3 LSAs. Type 5 LSAs are NOT  passed into the area. The ABR injects a type 3 LSA containing a default route into the stub area.Filters the LSA-type 4 and 5.You will just have inter-area routes inside this area (routes with the “IO” code)

ABR(config-router)#area 51 stub
ABR(config-router)#area 51 default-cost 10
Defines the cost of a default route sent into the stub area. Default is 1.

INTERNAL(config-router)#area 51 stub

  • Note
    All routers in the stub area must be configured with the area x stub command, including the Area Border Router (ABR).
  • Stub= No type 5 LSAs and default route

Totally Stubby Areas

This is Cisco proprietary.Like stub areas, totally stubby areas do not receive type-3 , type-4 or type-5 LSAs from their ABRs . All routing out of the area relies on the single default route injected by the ABR

ABR(config-router)#area 51 stub no-summary

INTERNAL(config-router)#area 51 stub

  • Note
    Whereas all internal routers in the area are configured with the area x stub command, the ABR is configured with the area x stub no-summary command
  • Totally Stubby – ONLY Type 2 LSAs and default route

 

Not-So-Stubby Areas (NSSA)

This area is used when you are redistributing external routes. An NSSA makes use of type 7 LSAs, which are essentially type 5 LSAs in disguise. You will see “IO” routes (they are in the routing table because of the type-3 LSAs) also “N1/2” routes which represents the NSSA area. This allows an ASBR to advertise external links to an ABR, which converts the type 7 LSAs into type 5 before flooding them to the rest of the OSPF domain.Type 3 LSAs will pass into and out of the area. Unlike a normal stub area, the ABR will NOT  inject a default route into an NSSA unless explicitly configured to do so with

ABR(config-router)#area x nssa default-information originate

As traffic cannot be routed to external destinations without a default route, you’ll probably want to include above command.

ABR(config-router)#area 1 nssa

INTERNAL(config-router)#area 1 nssa

  • Note
    All routers in the NSSA stub area must be configured with the area x nssa command.
  • NSSA – Type 2, 3, and 7 LSAs with default route

 

Totally stub not-so-stubby area (totally NSSA)

This is Cisco proprietary.Filters type-3 ,type-4 and 5 LSAs, so inside the area you will only have a default route, besides the “N1/2” routes that are normal on that type of area.

ABR(config-router)#area 11 nssa no-summary

INTERNAL(config-router)#area 11 nssa

  • Note
    Whereas all internal routers in the area are configured with the area x nssa command, the ABR is configured with the area x nssa no-summary command.
  • Totally NSSA – Only Type 2 and 7 LSAs and default route

 

Enjoy!

Tom

Advertisements

About ccie4all
Hello, and welcome to the first post of my CCIE blog This blog has got one simple goal and that is to improve our skills in Cisco Networking field so we can become best engineers on a job market. Wordpress Blog https://ccie4all.wordpress.com/ information about the changes made to Gns3 BGP , MPLS and R&S CCIE labs. In order to access and download all provided materials and receive important updates from Gns3 BGP , MPLS and R&S CCIE labs under GNS3 tab in the main header please go ahead and subscribe to https://ccie4all.wordpress.com/ ! All other posts have not been affected and can be accessed at any given time. Enjoy ! Tom

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: